Uno, nessuno e centomila ePUB ´ Uno, nessuno ePUB

Uno, nessuno e centomila Vitangelo Moscarda arriva a una convinzione che lo sconvolge l uomo non possiede un identit ma condannato a vivere le infinite personalit che gli altri gli attribuiscono Quella di Uno, nessuno e centomila una macchina narrativa che sbriciola ogni possibile trama in tanti sbalzi e andirivieni, soste riflessive, digressioni saggistiche improvvise, soliloqui Un fiume tumultuoso e straripante in cui si sviluppa la lucida follia del protagonista Un percorso di distruzione dell io che insieme una distruzione tecnica del romanzo demiurgico e un provocatorio sfilacciamento della logica tradizionale del racconto This is one of those books that blows you away Why Well, Mr Pirandello s novel is one of those that will make you doubt about who you are for years This is the book I would pick up if I were asked to choose the one novel which has taught me the most about life This novel is not an easy read However, whenever you find yourself not understanding, there will be something further ahead telling you that you are on the right track Only by deconstructing yourself, you will be able to open your mind and learn about yourself Keep this in mind otherwise, frustration won t let you enjoy and appreciate this novel Am I who I really think I am Nope, that is just one of the one hundred thousand sides that make up the whole of you These sides are the many versions of yourself, which can only be seen by the people around you You can only see your own version of yourself, but is this your true self No one really knows, not even you After reading this book, all I was sure of is that nothing in this world is objective Life is just an illusion An illusion that changes with time as our perceptions sharpen up or as we allow our dogmas and beliefs to be flexible in a world where absolutely nothing is stiff or one sided. The capacity for deluding ourselves that today s reality is the only true one, on the one hand, sustains us, but on the other, it plunges us into an endless void, because today s reality is destined to prove delusion for us tomorrow and life doesn t conclude It can t conclude Tomorrow if it concludes, it s finished Let me go way back, some 8 years or whereabouts in the past A younger Mutasim Billah is in a classroom where his English teacher is giving a valuable lesson in creative writing He holds a page in front of the class and asks Say, is there writing on this page Yes, sir , the entire class chimes in But how is that The page is empty The class is baffled The students murmur, some adamantly believe that the teacher will change his mind and berate anyone who goes back on their word, so they voice their previous opinion louder Others confusedly hold their opinions in check, in case the teacher proves them wrong.The teacher smiles, and then in one single movement shows us the other side of the paper, the one that was not facing us, but the one that was, until then, facing him The page was empty The teacher was right Perspectives Why is perspective so elusive In a world of differing perspectives, which are the absolute truths Or is there anything known as absolute truth Perspectivism falls among those philosophical views that give rise to questions than answers, especially considering we never truly have a particular method of inquiry or a structural theory of knowledge The view was first coined by Friedrich Nietzche In so far as the word knowledge has any meaning, the world is knowable but it is interpretable otherwise, it has no meaning behind it, but countless meanings Perspectivism It is our needs that interpret the world our drives and their For and Against Every drive is a kind of lust to rule each one has its perspective that it would like to compel all the other drives to accept as a norm Friedrich Nietzche in The Will to Power In essence, we never have a perfect perspective as we choose to interpret the world as we would best want to make peace with it A husband who despises low fat milk would still drive around way out of his regular trip back home to get his wife her desired beverage, only so that he gets to be in the right And so, that becomes his norm, and the wife lives oblivious to the fact that he despises low fat milk Let me come back to this a bit later Cooley s Looking glass Self The above meme is a perfect example of looking glass self The social psychological concept of the looking glass self describes the development of one s self and of one s identity through one s interpersonal interactions within the context of society Charles Horton Cooley clarified that society is an interweaving and inter working of mental selves.The looking glass self comprises three main components We imagine how we must appear to others We imagine and react to what we feel their judgment of that appearance must be We develop our self through the judgments of others Hmmm Fair enough But where s the review One, None and a Hundred Thousand is a 1926 novel by the Italian writer Luigi Pirandello The novel had a rather long and difficult period of gestation Pirandello began writing it in 1909 In an autobiographical letter, published in 1924, the author refers to this work as the bitterest of all, profoundly humoristic, about the decomposition of life Moscarda one, no one and one hundred thousand The pages of the unfinished novel remained on Pirandello s desk for years and he would occasionally take out extracts and insert them into other works only to return, later, to the novel in a sort of uninterrupted compositive circle Finally finished, Uno, Nessuno e Centomila came out in episodes between December 1925 and June 1926 in the magazine Fiera Letteraria.The plot is built on three differing perspectives One, the belief that our self is one and the only self that we know ourselves to be.A Hundred Thousand, meaning that we live a hundred thousand lives in the hundred thousand perspectives we come to face in the minds of the people in our lives, in turn giving rise to hundred thousand unique selves.None, signifying that none of these are really a true self and that nothing holds true to test in the end The Story Vitangelo Moscarda s world falls into complete disarray when, one day, by an innocent question, he s confronted with the reality that he isn t exactly of the same image he thought he had Meaning, he looked different from his own mind view of himself And hence, Moscarda was to move into this never ending soul searching journey where he tries to find the true self , the one who he believes is his original persona Moscarda chooses to expose his true self by behaving contrary to his usual self in everyday aspects of his life, breaking down the fake images of Moscarda built to please the people in his life, exposing his true, darker desires This, leads him to a journey towards madness and rediscovery.I really enjoyed this book as I ve always had a profound interest in the underlying themes in the story I d definitely recommend it if you re into existentialist literature and enjoy absurdist fiction. ,. . 100 2018 3 Lectur cu un u or iz de filosofie existen ialist , Unul, nici unul i o sut de mii prezint natura multipl a fiin ei umane, natur dat de raportul acesteia cu oamenii din jur eu m nf i ez ntr un fel n ochii lui X, ns n alt fel n ochii lui Y iar asta nu depinde exclusiv de mine, ci i de ei Se reg se te, de asemenea, lupta naturii fizice a trupului cu eul sufletul , ca i cum trupul ar fi un concept eterogen fa de suflet ncerc nd s se debaraseze de propria i percep ie asupra sa i inclusiv de percep ia altora asupra lui , naratorul, care este i personaj, ajunge s fie considerat nebun din pricina nf ptuirii anumitor ac iuni care, de i legale i mai mult morale, atrag aversiunea apropia ilor s iC teva reflec ii privind natura dual a fiin ei 1 De ce, c nd cineva dore te s se sinucid , se imagineaz mort nu pentru sine, ci pentru ceilal i 2 A te cunoa te nseamn a muri Dumneavoastr sta i i va uita i at ta n oglind , n toate oglinzile, deoarece nu tr i i nu ti i, nu pute i sau nu vre i s tr i i Vre i s va cunoa te i prea mult, i nu tr i i 3 Oamenii, vezi, simt nevoia s fac o cas a sentimentelor lor Nu le ajunge c au n untru, n inim , sentimentele vor s le vad i n afar , s le ating i atunci le construiesc o cas remarc referitoare la nevoia omului de divinitate i la fastul Bisericii n context Andrei Tama Non conosceva nulla, n si conosceva viveva per vivere, e non sapeva di vivere gli batteva il cuore, e non lo sapeva respirava, e non lo sapeva moveva le p lpebre, e non se n accorgeva Pirandello inizia a lavorare a Uno nessuno centomila nel 1909 La prima puntata dell opera uscir nel 1925 sulla Fiera letteraria.Il dramma di Vitangelo Moscarda comincia quando la moglie fa una considerazione sulla piccola imperfezione del suo naso Davanti all immagine riflessa personalit e realt si frantumano Vitangelo Moscarda non , per gli altri, quello che egli si crede Avvia cos un fitto monologo che mette in luce la molteplicit dell essere Ma per Vitangelo, chi Vitangelo Moscarda Sinora aveva creduto d essere uno A chi dire io Che valeva dire io , se per gli altri aveva un senso e un valore che non potevano mai essere i miei e per me, cos fuori degli altri, l assumerne uno diventa subito l orrore di questo vuoto e di questa solitudine Si ribella, Vitangelo Inizia a compiere azioni che scombinano e rovesciano ogni certezza sul suo apparire Cerca disperatamente di dimostrare di non essere quello che gli altri credono Pazzo Pazzo Pazzo Era lo stesso grido di tutta la folla l davanti la porta Pazzo Pazzo Pazzo Perch avevo voluto dimostrare, che potevo, anche per gli altri, non essere quello che mi si credeva.Credeva d essere uno, scopr d essere centomila, decise d essere nessuno Scivol nella follia follia per trovare riparo, salvezza e liberazione, per morire e rinascere ogni giorno, nuovo e completo.P.S Camminando ho guardato improvvisamente una vetrina per catturare l io che non conosco Pirandello, Pirandello Uno, nessuno e centomila Videoassaggi, un libro in cinque morsiLibri sul divano dei pigri Luigi Pirandello 1867 1936 Nobel Prize winning Italian playwright, novelist, poet and short story writer, perhaps best known for such outstanding plays as Six Characters in Search of an Author One, No One, and One Hundred Thousand is so well constructed, each section flowing smoothly into the next, it s as if the author penned all one hundred sixty pages in a single, uninterrupted creative burst Remarkably, it s just the opposite Luigi Pirandello worked on this short novel on and off over the course of fifteen years, beginning at age forty two and ending at age fifty seven And it isn t as if Pirandello ordinarily worked at a methodically slow pace Hardly His output is phenomenal during those same fifteen years, at the peak of his creative powers, he wrote hundreds of short stories as well as dozens of plays The fifteen years to complete this novel speaks to how much care, attention and reflection Pirandello gave the subject, his lifelong preoccupation the nature of identity Ah, the nature of identity Do you reflect on the fact that you experience you from the inside and other people experience you from the outside That s right, the outside, as in how you look, how you speak and how you act Or, stated slightly another way, your looks, speech and action independent of your inner thoughts and feelings There s just one and only one person blocked from experiencing you from the outside you yourself Sad but true you can t stand apart and be an outsider to yourself Does this bother you Probably not or not all that much Well, it certainly bothers the novel s narrator, Vitangelo Moscarda, bothering and weighing on him to the point of obsession.Humor is laced throughout, right from the first page when at age twenty eight Moscarda is informed by his dear wife that his nose tilts slightly to the right, quite the revelation since he has always been under the distinct impression he had, if not a handsome nose, then most certainly a decent nose Reacting as if he were a dog and his wife just stepped on his tail, Moscarda spins around My nose tilts Moscarda runs to the bathroom, slams the door and for the next hour scrutinize his face in the mirror Later that very same day, when a friend pays a visit to discuss a specific matter that might involve him personally, Moscarda cuts him off midsentence and asks if he, in fact, is looking at his nose So we have the first push leading to a progressively rapid downhill slide, as Moscarda confesses This was the beginning of my sickness The sickness that would quickly reduce me to conditions of spirit and body so wretched and desperate that I would surely have died of them or gone mad if I had not found in the sickness itself as I will tell the remedy that was to cure me of it True, we can t stand outside ourselves but through the power of fiction, in one telling scene, Luigi Pirandello splits Moscarda right down the middle a Moscarda sitting alone in his study and a Moscarda standing in the corner as objective outsider questioning, probing and pointing a sometimes ironic, sometimes accusing finger We watch as both Moscardas take center stage in a short novelistic variation of his famous play, acting out their own Two Characters in Search of an Identity, as in, when we read Why do you go on believing the only reality is your reality, today s, and you are amazed, and irritated, and you shout that your friend is mistaken, when, try as he may, poor thing, he will never be able to have, inside himself, poor thing, your same mood The fact that we humans construct our own identity as a builder builds a house, a construction that cannot be fully communicated to others, even one s spouse or closest friends, begins to drive Moscarda berserk And the obverse, how other people construct their own version of his identity for themselves is an unavoidable truth Moscarda refuses to accept, particularly the way his wife Dida has constructed his identity as Genge, her little Genge, a little, loveable fool Ahhh unacceptable On top of this, how the two men running the bank his father founded, Quantorzo, the manager, and Firbo, the councilor, likewise think him a harmless fool And the people in his small city Since Moscarda benefits so directly and handsomely from the business of the bank, they think him a usurer A usurer Now he really has reason to be driven berserk Throughout the first half of the book, Moscarda keeps his deep and unending inquiries into the nature of his own identity to himself, which is perfectly fine since, in truth, people don t give a fig about his self examination but simply want him to continue adhering to accepted social conventions, including acting with civility when dealing with business people in a business office But there s the rub it s this very conventional civility that has created all the unacceptable social identities of him formed by other people Thus, Moscarda aims to put into practice his first experiment in the destruction of Moscarda, that is, he yearns to destroy the identity all those other people have of him as both fool and usurer What follows when he pays a visit first to the office of the notary Stampa and then to his bank to confront Quantorzo and Firbo are two of the most hilarious scenes I ve ever encountered in literature Rather than saying anything specific you will have to read for yourself just think of another example a modern day business office with several dozen men and women reading files, answering phone calls, writing reports Its midafternoon and one of their longtime coworkers revolts against his dull, uptight, establishmentarian identity he makes his grand entr e wearing a full length yellow leotard with bells on his ankles, proceeds to execute backward and frontward flips before dancing around the office tossing daffodils Well, of course, you can think of acting in such a bizarre fashion and get away with it as long as you keep it to yourself and your imagination However, if you actually perform such a stunt publicly just once as we all know, one time is all it takes you will immediately be labeled as mad, fired and perhaps even arrested What is the nature of the self Does your own construction of identity put you in a box Do you recognize your authentic self in the roles you take on Likewise, does the identity others form of you restrict your freedom And how about society as a whole Is the social construction of identity corrosive and even an invasion of privacy Is to live a normal life in our modern world in any way dehumanizing I am reminded of the novel Nausea by Jean Paul Sartre as well as other existential fiction by such authors as Samuel Beckett, Franz Kafka, Bertolt Brecht and Andr Malraux But with Luigi Pirandello s novel, the story, existential to its core, is frequently laugh out loud funny, reminding me of Twelfth Night and that yellow stockinged prancing Malvolio Thank you, Luigi Highly, highly recommended. O in cio foi auspicioso muito bem escrito, uma personagem principal a fazer me lembrar um pouco a d A Pomba de S skind, que li h pouco tempo, s que mais divertida afinal, trata se de um italiano Mas l mais para o meio, os racioc nios tortuosos quase me deram um n no ju zo e estive prestes a desistir Mas n o o fiz, e ainda bem, porque no final, o livro redimiu se completamente Acabei de o ler com um sorriso nos l bios e incr dula por ter gostado tanto E esta, hem

About the Author: Luigi Pirandello

Luigi Pirandello Agrigento 28 June 1867 Rome 10 December 1936 was an Italian dramatist, novelist, poet, and short story writer whose greatest contributions were his plays He was awarded the 1934 Nobel Prize in Literature for his almost magical power to turn psychological analysis into good theatre Pirandello s works include novels, hundreds of short stories, and about 40 plays, some of whic

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