New Year's: An Elegy for Rilke PDF/EPUB ´ New Year's:

New Year's: An Elegy for Rilke Poetry Translated from the Russian by Mary Jane White On April ,Boris Pasternak wrote a letter of introduction for Marina Tsvetaeva to Rainer Maria Rilke, providing Rilke with Tsvetaeva s address in the Parisian suburb of Bellevue where she was then living in exile Rilke responded on Maywith a first letter to Tsvetaeva, covering autographed copies of his Duino Elegies and Sonnets to Oprpheus Throughout that summer the three poets wrote to each other In his fourth letter to Tsvetaeva, June , Rilke enclosed a poem he wrote that day for her Elegie When Rilke died to Leukemia in December Tsvetaeva learned of his death from Mark Slonim, who asked her to write a piece for the Russian emigre press Instead, she wrote this elegy, NEW YEAR S, drawing heavily upon both the correspondence of that summer and Rilke s poem to her from the Translator s Introduction

About the Author: Marina Tsvetaeva

Marina Ivanovna Tsvetaeva was born in Moscow Her father, Ivan Tsvetaev, was a professor of art history and the founder of the Museum of Fine Arts Her mother Mariya, n e Meyn, was a talented concert pianist The family travelled a great deal and Tsvetaeva attended schools in Switzerland, Germany, and at the Sorbonne, Paris Tsvetaeva started to write verse in her early childhood She made her debut as a poet at the age of 18 with the collection Evening Album, a tribute to her childhood.In 1912 Tsvetaeva married Sergei Efron, they had two daughters and one son Magic Lantern showed her technical mastery and was followed in 1913 by a selection of poems from her first collections Tsvetaeva s affair with the poet and opera librettist Sofiia Parnok inspired her cycle of poems called Girlfriend Parnok s career stopped in the late 1920s when she was no longer allowed to publish The poems composed between 1917 and 1921 appeared in 1957 under the title The Demesne of the Swans Inspired by her relationship with Konstantin Rodzevich, an ex Red Army officer she wrote Poem of the Mountain and Poem of the End.After 1917 Revolution Tsvetaeva was trapped in Moscow for five years During the famine one of her own daughters died of starvation Tsvetaeva s poetry reveals her growing interest in folk song and the techniques of the major symbolist and poets, such as Aleksander Blok and Anna Akhmatova In 1922 Tsvetaeva emigrated with her family to Berlin, where she rejoined her husband, and then to Prague This was a highly productive period in her life she published five collections of verse and a number of narrative poems, plays, and essays.During her years in Paris Tsvetaeva wrote two parts of the planned dramatic trilogy The last collection published during her lifetime, After Russia, appeared in 1928 Its print, 100 numbered copies, were sold by special subscription In Paris the family lived in poverty, the income came almost entirely from Tsvetaeva s writings When her husband started to work for the Soviet security service, the Russian community of Paris turned against Tsvetaeva Her limited publishing ways for poetry were blocked and she turned to prose In 1937 appeared MOY PUSHKIN, one of Tsvetaeva s best prose works To earn extra income, she also produced short stories, memoirs and critical articles.In exile Tsvetaeva feltandisolated Friendless and almost destitute she returned to the Soviet Union in 1938, where her son and husband already lived Next year her husband was executed and her daughter was sent to a labor camp Tsvetaeva was officially ostracized and unable to publish After the USSR was invaded by German Army in 1941, Tsvetaeva was evacuated to the small provincial town of Elabuga with her son In despair, she hanged herself ten days later on August 31, 1941 source

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