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Gramsci s notebooks are wide ranging and not the easiest to read I found the rambling nature of the notes hard to boil down to a general idea So while I was reading these notes I made use of youtube to get what the important takeaway from Gramsci exactly is The major thing to look for is his idea of cultural hegemony and counter hegemonies A lot of our ideas we hold while we do our day to day stuff we just hold because someone usual quite a few people told us they are true or common sense T Gramsci s notebooks are wide ranging and not the easiest to read I found the rambling nature of the notes hard to boil down to a general idea So while I was reading these notes I made use of youtube to get what the important takeaway from Gramsci exactly is The major thing to look for is his idea of cultural hegemony and counter hegemonies A lot of our ideas we hold while we do our day to day stuff we just hold because someone usual quite a few people told us they are true or common sense These ideas go unexamined and become habits without understanding why we hold to them These ideas which people usually call common sense or the natural way of things These Common Sense ideas usually prop up the current social order and can be strikingly at odds with people s lived experience yet we believe these notions and not our eyes Gramsci was working as a Marxist and he knew workers understood their lives were miserable and it was their bosses that were making it that way yet the cultural conservatism in religion and politics made acting on what they experience contrary to what their common sense told them For Gramsci that is not an accident The people in charge do their damnedest to make common sense work for the social order The job of someone who wants to change things is to change common sense Hence build a counter hegemony Once you get habits of thought you get a change on the ground Anyway, I had a hard time extracting that from his notes Thanks to youtube for helping me along.Here is a video from Youtube on it Less than 15 minutes I decided to read this book in order to presenting a simple essay for Critical Theory subject at my university Gramsci was a Neo Marxist, he writes all the essay when he was at prison In the beginning of chapter you will see Gramsci s brief biography The translator nicely tells us the history and background of Gramsci s writing Gramsci notable work was his theory about Hegemony , but you will never found a chapter about hegemony itself He was spread the hegemony words in every single pag I decided to read this book in order to presenting a simple essay for Critical Theory subject at my university Gramsci was a Neo Marxist, he writes all the essay when he was at prison In the beginning of chapter you will see Gramsci s brief biography The translator nicely tells us the history and background of Gramsci s writing Gramsci notable work was his theory about Hegemony , but you will never found a chapter about hegemony itself He was spread the hegemony words in every single pages of this book Although in his writing Gramsci never ever mentioned The Role of Media , many scholar who I assume never read this book often mentioned Gramsci s Hegemony was all about media To be able understand Gramsci s writing you should read the first chapter of this book, titled Intellectual Organics Then you will understand the entire process of hegemony Gramsci s writing is related to political studies, but you can also relating his works with media as case study Happy reading What s strange about Gramsci is the way he works within a very Marxist theory framework discussion of whether or not Americanism can constitute a historical epoch, for instance but whole huge sections of work draw conclusions about the nature of fascism and Italian history are by no means explicitly Marxist I suppose that s what s so appealing about all theliberatory, less orthodox, less deterministic Marxist thinkers.The cultural turn is wonderful, and his criticism of common sense i What s strange about Gramsci is the way he works within a very Marxist theory framework discussion of whether or not Americanism can constitute a historical epoch, for instance but whole huge sections of work draw conclusions about the nature of fascism and Italian history are by no means explicitly Marxist I suppose that s what s so appealing about all theliberatory, less orthodox, less deterministic Marxist thinkers.The cultural turn is wonderful, and his criticism of common sense is just as forceful today as it was then Hegemony, intersubjectivity, these are all fascinating topics, and it s easy to see how Gramsci s writing became the seedbed of cultural studies.I must say though, he s very fixed in his time period, especially when he talks about the shocking immorality of the rich Oh, the horrors of the wealthy sodomite He s also and I can t tell if this is humility or just laziness happy to posit questions without providing answers But I think that s OK We read Gramsci, and we see the birth of Western Marxism For followers of Negri, Adorno, Benjamin, Luk cs, Castoriadis, Marcuse, Althusser, Jameson, you re all on board with this dude, no There s so much in Gramsci s Prison Notebooks Italian history, practical Marxism, a 1920 s Italian perspective on American business How could you not want to read it Gramsci s writings cover a wide ground He interprets Machiavelli in a modern context, describing political parties as the modern Prince and explores the opportunities consequences that follow He muses about America s capitalistic spirit, its connection to Taylorism, and if Ford s invasive approach to managing personal morality There s so much in Gramsci s Prison Notebooks Italian history, practical Marxism, a 1920 s Italian perspective on American business How could you not want to read it Gramsci s writings cover a wide ground He interprets Machiavelli in a modern context, describing political parties as the modern Prince and explores the opportunities consequences that follow He muses about America s capitalistic spirit, its connection to Taylorism, and if Ford s invasive approach to managing personal morality in employees lives will come to affect Europe He discuss Italian history in depth, particularly exploring the city countryside conflict and how regional differences between northern and southern Italy affect political movements.Where his writing remains the most relevant a century later, though, is his Study of Philosophy Gramsci is intensely focused with the practical application of philosophical theory How are new philosophical conceptions of the world accepted into common sense How are masses of people turned into active citizens interested in revolution Certainly his own experience as political activist and leader contributes.For a mass of people to be led to think coherently and in the same coherent fashion about the real present world, is a philosophical event farimportant and original than the discovery by some philosophical genius of a truth which remains the property of small groups of intellectuals.Gramsci explores how a new conception takes hold of a social group, comparing a rational approach to an authoritative one, and instead making asociologically based conclusion in the power of groups Philosophy can only be experienced by faith , faith in the social group to which someone belongs And in fact, Gramsci makes a highly rational case for the man of the people to trust his social group above others Anyone with a superior intellectual formation with a point of view opposed to his can put forward arguments than he and really tear him to pieces logically and so on But should the man of the people change his opinions just because of this In that case he might find himself having to change every day, or every time he meets an ideological adversary who is his intellectual superior The man of the people thinks that so many like thinking people can t be wrong and he remembers, indeed, hearing expounded, discursively, coherently, in a way that left him convinced, the reasons behind his faith.How, then, to spread ideas Gramsci draws from the history of organized religion, which maintains its community of faithful by indefatigably repeating its apologetics and maintaining a hierarchy of intellectuals who give to the faith the dignity of thought , and turns his observations into recommendations for cultural movements 1 Never to tire of repeating its own arguments though offering literary variation of form repetition is the best didactic means for working on the popular mentality.2 To work incessantly to raise the intellectual level of ever growing strata of the populace, in other words, to give a personality to the amorphous mass element This means working to produce lites of intellectuals of a new type which arise directly out of the masses, but remain in contact with them to become, as it were, the whalebone in the corset.This latter point relates closely to the concept of organic intellectuals , a key element in Gramsci s model a role involved at a local, community level, diffusing ideas among people who wouldn t encounter them otherwise Gramsci lists occupations that typically fill this role politicians, priests, administrators, in addition to the traditional intelligentsia Today this seems close to occupations we d call knowledge workers.However, Gramsci is careful to separate this role from that of traditional intellectuals He emphasizes contact with the simple as an antidote for creating a specialised culture among restricted intellectual groups He later goes further, criticizing common trends among intellectuals The popular element feels but does not always know or understand the intellectual element knows but does not always understand and in particular does not always feel The two extremes are therefore pedantry and philistinism on the one hand and blind passion and sectarianism on the other Not that the pedant cannot be impassioned far from it Impassioned pedantry is every bit as ridiculous and dangerous as the wildest sectarianism and demagogy The intellectual s error consists in believing that one can know without understanding and evenwithout feeling and being impassioned One cannot make politics history without this passion, without this sentimental connection between intellectuals and people nation.This is a critical conclusion with relevance far beyond the time Gramsci was writing for Pedantry and hyper rationalism abound, particularly in debates online writers and commenters vie for the most logical and rational argument and are shocked when it rarely convinces Gramsci s critiques show us that these fallacies are anything but new, while pointing in a better direction.Taken as a whole, the book contains a challenging set of writings to get through Gramsci s reference points fit typically within 19th and 20th century Italian and sometimes French history Quirks in the writing are, according to the editor, typically due to circumventing the censor, given Gramsci s circumstances these include misattributed quotes and articles to a list of euphemisms that grows the longer you read The editor could have found and replaced all instances of the founder of the philosophy of praxis with Marx , but instead leaves the euphemistic verbosity to the reader s experience.Edward Said frequently cites Gramsci s concept of organic intellectuals and describes his geopolitical emphasis in history as particularly influential Gramsci s Prison Notebooks don t contain a system for geopolitical thinking as much as they do examples, but his concepts clearly had an impact on Said s thinking and writing.In conclusion Gramsci s ideas on public discourse and changing the contents of common sense alone make his notebooks worth reading, even if you skip past the Italian history But don t skip it if you can help it Che nonostante il progressivo deterioramento del suo fisico, ma non del suo spirito, Gramsci abbia proseguito fino alla fine la sua lotta per la libert forse l evento pi rilevante nel Novecento intellettuale in ItaliaDalla prefazione di Luciano Canfora I browsed these lovely 3 volumes in the store last evening as a winter storm was gathering does anyone have anything to say re are these big things worth my time They look so enchanting Gramsci was one of the most important, original and influential marxist writers of the 20th Century He wrote extensively on the role of intellectuals, on education, history, politics, culture, the modern state and philosophy The Prison Notebooks was written between 1929 and 1935, when Gramsci was a prisoner of the Italian fascist state under Mussolini He developed the concept of hegemony , arguing that the ruling class sustained its control of society and the state through hegemonic dominati Gramsci was one of the most important, original and influential marxist writers of the 20th Century He wrote extensively on the role of intellectuals, on education, history, politics, culture, the modern state and philosophy The Prison Notebooks was written between 1929 and 1935, when Gramsci was a prisoner of the Italian fascist state under Mussolini He developed the concept of hegemony , arguing that the ruling class sustained its control of society and the state through hegemonic domination of education, culture, sport, religion etc Working class revolution whould therefore only succeed if the struggle was broadened from that in trhe work place to a broad based struggle involving the contestation of control and space in education, culture, sport, the community etc The sense of achievement after finishing this is similar to that of finishing Capitalit is massive and, given its fractured nature, I d say evenchallenging Gramsci is so often referenced, however, I took many of his ideas rather for granted After reading him for myself, I d say there isof interest here, andthat I find problematic than I d ever expectedand is definitely a book to think over and pick up again Hegemony and common sense, political struggle, popular educati The sense of achievement after finishing this is similar to that of finishing Capitalit is massive and, given its fractured nature, I d say evenchallenging Gramsci is so often referenced, however, I took many of his ideas rather for granted After reading him for myself, I d say there isof interest here, andthat I find problematic than I d ever expectedand is definitely a book to think over and pick up again Hegemony and common sense, political struggle, popular education and not so popular education , it s all here one of the key leftist texts author develops a number of innovative ideas within the context of Marxism hard to overstate the value. Selections from the Prison Notebooks by Antonio Gramsci reading this tome is enlightening and firms up my appreciation of Gramsci that is totally opposed to the liberal academic appropriation of the Italian communist thinker Majority of Gramsci s interpreters endorse a nebulous cultural politics of hegemony that is divorced from the class struggle and historical necessity and is used to justify parliamentarism and reformist politics For sure, The Prison Notebooks coded writing and fragmente Selections from the Prison Notebooks by Antonio Gramsci reading this tome is enlightening and firms up my appreciation of Gramsci that is totally opposed to the liberal academic appropriation of the Italian communist thinker Majority of Gramsci s interpreters endorse a nebulous cultural politics of hegemony that is divorced from the class struggle and historical necessity and is used to justify parliamentarism and reformist politics For sure, The Prison Notebooks coded writing and fragmented form left it susceptible to misinterpretation, unintentional or otherwise But still, the work shine as a truly revolutionary document engaged in polemics against the Left Communism of Bordiga and company and their adventurist conception of a pure revolution as well as the Rightwing orthodoxy of the Second International that has seeped through some of thehackneyed formulations of the Comintern under Stalin and Zinoniev I am particularly thankful for the introduction and notes by the International Publishers for proving to be very helpful in providing context to Gramsci s writings What we read in The Prison Notebooks are reflections forged in ideological struggle as well as in the life and death struggle by the Italian comrades of the early 20th Century against reactionaries amidst the rise of Fascism and intensified white terror Of particular interest in Gramsci s notes are his conception of the party as an assemblage of organic intellectuals of the proletariat the necessity of military organization as opposed to relying on pure spontaneity conceptualized with politics in command the winning of hegemony by the proletariat against bourgeoisie domination not only capture of state but also in the realm of ideology and civil society and in this context the need for building a national popular bloc which all find echoes in the strategy and tactics of the Chinese Revolution under Mao Zedong Hapishane Defterleri


About the Author: Antonio Gramsci

Antonio Gramsci was an Italian writer, politician, political theorist, linguist and philosopher A founding member and onetime leader of the Communist Party of Italy, he was imprisoned by Benito Mussolini s Fascist regime His writings are heavily concerned with the analysis of culture and political leadership and he is notable as a highly original thinker within the Marxist tradition He is renowned for his concept of cultural hegemony as a means of maintaining the state in a capitalist society.


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